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Отечественные авиаконструкторы Иностранные авиаконструкторы Исследователи, ученые. Дирижабли Мягкие дирижабли Полужесткие дирижабли Жесткие дирижабли. Истребители Штурмовики Разведчики Бомбардировщики Гидросамолеты Самолеты-амфибии Пассажирские Транспортная авиация. Награды России и СССР Иностранные награды Форма летчиков Символы и флаги. Чертежи самолетов Чертежи дирижаблей Фото самолетов Фото дирижаблей. Авиамодели Галлерея, статьи, обзоры Реплики самолетов Советы авиамоделисту. Русские книги Иностранные книги Журналы Довоенные издания Статьи Научно-технические книги Архивные материалы. Авиазаводы Аэродромы Выставки, авиашоу Авиационные рекорды Музеи по истории авиации Открытки авиатематики Плакаты авиатематики Авиасимуляторы Ссылки. Управляемые летательные аппараты, несомненно, представляют собой новое грозное оружие в ближайшем будущем. Летные испытания этой системы прошли успешно, но участия в боевых действиях она не принимала. Похожие попытки совершали и тевтоны, но с обратной задачей, защитить дирижабли от истребителей. Отсоединившись, на высоте полутора километров, Альбатрос благополучно приземлился на аэродроме. Идея было признана перспективной, но в серию она не пошла, по причине окончания войны. В отличии от запуска самолетов, германцев просто захватила идея беспилотного летательного аппарата. Тут они развернулись во всю мощь свое "сумрачного гения", и не без успехов. Вернер фон Сименс, в октябре года, наигравшись с проводным дистанционным управлением на надводных кораблях и подводных лодках, поднял голову и посмотрел на небо. Так родилась очередная вундервафля, дистанционно управляемый планер. Первая модель была запущена с башни замка Грюневальд. Модель назвали "Бульдогом", а после модернизации, осенью года начали запускать оную с дирижаблей P IV бывший PL 16, переименован м году, когда его передали Прусской армии и PL В году было решено, что изделие замечательно подходит для дирижаблей и было названо "Torpedogleiter". Летом года первые килограммовые "Torpedogleiter" были запущены с дирижабля Lz - Однако, Кайзерлихмарине упорно открещивалось от "чуда технической мысли", утверждая, что скорее война закончится, чем это изделие будет действительно доведено до ума. Кайзер настоял, флот вздохнул и был вынужден забрать из армии дирижабль Lz 58, переименовал его в L 25 и начал испытания под Потсдамом. Я вот был уверен, что только Алоизович был таким "прожектером", а оказывается это у них традиция.

И так, 25 и 26 июня года, дирижабль крутился около Гавеловских озер, производя пуски. Результаты не обнадеживали, на расстоянии свыше 4-х километров возникла проблема определения местоположения "Torpedogleiter", как и его последующее управление.

  • Надувная лодка перевести
  • Стопоры на бомбарде
  • Рыбалка в блокадном ленинград
  • Спасательные жилеты для лодок своими руками
  • Испытания продолжились, когда L 25 перебросили под Йютербог, в сентябре года. К испытанием подключили и дирижабль Lz 80 он же Lz Идиллия закончилась 26 апреля года, когда "Torpedogleiter" разбился на аэродроме Йютербога. Последний запуск "Torpedogleiter" SSW VII, кг был произведен 2 августа года. Будучи запущенным с высоты метров, он пролетел 7. К дирижаблю R 23 подвесили истребитель Sopwith Camel. Проблем с воздушным стартом не было, а вот проблемы с возвращением оказались непреодолимые. Упавшее знамя подняли янки. Создание первого специального дирижабля-авианосца для экспериментов по старту с него самолета, пока еще без возвращения на носитель, было осуществлено в декабре года в рамках проекта ВМС США. Хотя система пуска и стыковки основным элементом которой являлся крюк, установленный над носовой частью самолета продемонстрировала свою работоспособность, ВВС США приняли решение о прекращении работ. Однако идею подхватили ВМС и не только развили ее, но впоследствии реализовали с большим эффектом. Этот интерес имел под собой вполне практическую основу. В е годы самолеты по скорости уже в несколько раз превосходили дирижабли, но все еще имели гораздо меньшую продолжительность полета. Хотя самолетостроение и достигло таких успехов, что гидропланы с грузом в 10 т могли легко пересечь Атлантику, но до рекордов аппаратов легче воздуха им было далеко. Поэтому была острая нужда в средствах увеличения дальности морской авиации. Источники [ править править вики-текст ] Уголок неба: Воздушные суда по алфавиту Воздушные суда, осуществившие первый полёт в году Летающие лодки Самолёты Felixstowe Самолёты Великобритании Самолёты Первой мировой войны Бипланы. Статьи с переопределением значения из Викиданных Википедия: Навигация Персональные инструменты Вы не представились системе Обсуждение Вклад Создать учётную запись Войти. Пространства имён Статья Обсуждение. Просмотры Читать Править Править вики-текст История. В других проектах Викисклад. One Lewis gun mounted in bows and three amidships. Bomb-load of lb.

    летающая лодка феликстоу

    Thetford British Naval Aircraft since Putnam Felixstowe F. It established the trend of British flying-boat design for two decades and was a triumphant justification of the pioneer work of John Porte, who had from devoted himself unceasingly to the development of the flying-boat as a weapon of war. The first of the series was the F. This was an experimental design only and was not put into quantity production. The success of the Porte I hull was such that it was decided to build a larger one on the same principles which could be married to the wings and tail assembly of the Curtiss H. The outcome of this idea was the Felixstowe F. The Porte-type hulls offered greater seaworthiness than had been the case with the Curtiss hulls, yet their method of construction was such that they could be produced by firms with no previous boat-building experience. This was an obvious asset at a period of the war when the need for greater numbers of flying-boats for anti-submarine patrol was becoming urgent. The total production of would undoubtedly have been greater if a decision had not been taken by the Admiralty to issue extensive contracts for the F. One of the great advantages of the F.

    Felixstowe Porte Baby

    Modifications to the boats to suit the ideas of individual air stations were quite common; one of the most noteworthy was the removal of the cabin for the pilot and second pilot, leaving an open cockpit. This improved both visibility and performance, and from about September was incorporated in aircraft as they left the works. This patrol began in Apriland was centred on the North Hinder Light Vessel, which was used as a navigation mark. Flying-boats operated within an imaginary octagonal figure, 60 sea-miles across, and followed a pre-arranged pattern which enabled about 4, square miles of sea to be searched systematically. One flying-boat could search a quarter of the whole web in about three hours, and stood a good chance of sighting a U-boat on the surface, as submarines had to economise on battery power. Moreover, flying-boats had the advantage over other heavier-than-air anti-submarine aircraft in that they could carry bombs of lb, which could seriously damage a submarine, even if a direct hit were not secured. The formation of flying-boats, led by Capt R Leckie, consisted of four F. During the action another F. Following this action, in which the danger of being forced down on the sea with fuel-pipe trouble became only too evident, it was decided to paint the hulls of the F. The scheme of each individual F. The most remarkable of these engagements was on 10 Maywhen N from Killingholme, flown by Capts T C Pattinson and A H Munday, attacked the Zeppelin L62 at 8, ft over the Heligoland minefields and shot it down in flames. One variation of the F. Although only one F. Fighting and reconnaissance flying-boat with a crew of four. Wooden structure, with wood and fabric covering. Serial numbers allocated were N to N, N to N, N to N, N to N, N to N and N to N, but some aircraft were eventually delivered as F. Length, 46 ft 3 in. Height, 17 ft 6 in. Wing area, 1, sq ft. Climb, 3 min 50 sec to 2, ft; 39 min 30 sec to 10, ft. Endurance normal 6 hr. Admittedly it could carry twice as many bombs, but it was slower and less manoeuvrable, and hence lacked the qualities which had enabled the F. On the other hand, it was capable of a greater range. It first entered service in February and was not declared obsolete until September It is recorded that it served operationally during with the Royal Naval air station at Felixstowe. It made its maiden flight in February and was finally written off in May The operational requirements for anti-submarine flying-boats in the Mediterranean area were, in fact, so pressing that manufacture of F.

    Twenty-three were built in Malta between November and the Armistice. Anti-submarine patrol flying-boat with a crew of four. Two hp Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII. Length, 49 ft 2 in. Height, 18 ft 8 in. Loaded normal12, lb. Maximum speed, 91 mph at 2, ft; 86 mph at 6, ft. Four Lewis machine-guns on free mountings and four lb bombs on racks beneath the wings. King Armament of British Aircraft Putnam F. Dating fromthe F.

    Магазин

    Typically, there was a Scarff ring-mounting in the bow for one or twin-yoked guns. This was sometimes, perhaps generally, of the familiar No. In some instances at least the waist guns appear to have had the Scarff compensating sight. The pillar carrying each gun was mounted at the outer ends of two superimposed struts, braced to an inboard member and allowing the assembly to be swung outboard. There was under-wing provision for two lb bombs just outboard of the attachments of the wing hull bracing struts, the carrier being staved to the wing inboard. These guns further broadened an already commanding field of fire; for, compared with the H. For comparison with the Sunderland, and with flying-boats between, this contemporary description of accommodation and battle stations is offered: Underneath the table is an ammunition box and trays Abaft is the station for the pilot and assistant pilot Their seats are well upholstered with kapok cushions, which act as lifebuoys if required. Further aft is the second gun ring, with an adjustable platform to allow a gunner to have a good range of heights The forward gun, on its Scarff No. One experimental installation on this F.

    летающая лодка феликстоу

    Flown by Wg Cdr J. Porte, to whom the greatest honour is due for developing the F-boats, this shared with two other machines of the same formation in the destruction of a submarine. Emphasis was placed, in the arming of these two flying-boats and respectivelyupon anti-submarine operations, and the bomb load was accordingly increased to four lb bombs.

    Machine-gun deployment was much as on the F. No installation of a Davis gun or other heavy ordnance is known to have been made on a British F. Late in the upperworks of a Felixstowe F. Notwithstanding its experimental nature, this hull had two Scarff ring-mountings for Lewis guns. One was in the bow and the second in line with the trailing edges of the wings. At that time, two Naval aircraft factories were operating at Yokosuka and Sasebo, but space was very limited. To increase production capability for the Navy, the Kure NavaI Arsenal expanded by establishing the Hiro Branch Arsenal three miles southeast of Kure on flat ground between the mouths of two rivers, the Hiro Ohkawa on the west and the Misakaiji-gawa on the cast. This new factory, known by its acronym Hirosho, was completed in Octoberand licence-production of the F. On 1 April,the Hiro Branch Arsenal was upgraded to the Hiro Naval Arsenal to which the Aircraft Department belonged. Among these was the Felixstowe F.

    летающая лодка феликстоу

    At that time, the Navy intended to build these aircraft for its own use, and had invited to Japan twenty-one engineers from Short Brothers for that purpose. The japanese contingent under British leadership were Capt Ordnance Ryuzo Tanaka, Capt Ordnance Tomasu Koyama, Lieut Kishichi Umakoshi, Lieut Misao Wada, Engineer Masasuke Hashimoto and others. The manufacture of the F. In addition to the licensed manufacturing rights, Short Brothers supplied partially built assemblies to complete the first six of the F. When the first of them visited Tokyo, with a fly past in Octoberthere was impressed public reaction to their, then, enormous size. Following these imported and japanese-assembled aircraft, the flying-boat was put into full production at the Aircraft Department of the Hiro Naval Arsenal in the Kure area, beginning in October An additional forty F. The engines initially used in these aeroplanes were the imported Rolls-Royce Eagle, which developed hp. As work developed, the Engine Factory of the Hiro Arsenal manufactured their first licence-built hp Lorraine engines in August Inthe Hiro Arsenal experimentally installed these new engines in one of the flying-boats and designated it the F. As the power rating of the Lorraine was increased to hp, another flying-boat was equipped with them, to become the F. Although the Hiro Arsenal expected that both the F. In addition to the prototypes, there were modifications of others, primarily in engine configurations, one version being powered by two hp Eagle direct-drive engines with faired nacelles, two-bladed propellers and Lamblin-type radiators. They were used as long-range patrol aircraft from tofrom bases at Yokosuka and Sasebo. They gave impressive service during their operational life, and numerous newspaper accounts covered their long-range over-water flights; but also during this time there were numerous accidents with deaths and injuries, the result of engine problems, improper maintenance, and bad weather. All wooden construction with ply covered hull and fabric-covered wings, tail and control surfaces. Later crewed by six, adding navigator and radio operator. Two hp Rolls-Royce Eagle twelve-cylinder vee water-cooled engines, driving four-bladed wooden propellers. Aircraft Technical Order Japanese Navy Data Span The boat is of the now well known Felixstowe construction with a wide Vee bottomed planing surface, fitted with two steps. The crew consists of a gunner in the nose, two pilots enclosed in a cabin in advance of the main planes, and a gunners cockpit in the rear of the planes with swivel mountings for Lewis guns firing out of the top and either side of the boat. The top plane has a considerable overhang and is fitted with ailerons of large area.

    Over the last set of struts are king-posts for bracing the overhang, the intervening space between the front and rear king-posts being covered in to form a fin. Type of machine Boat Seaplane. Name or typo No. Purpose for which intended Anti-submarine. Gap, maximum and minimum 8 ft. Overall length 49 ft. Maximum height 18 ft. Total surface of wings 1, sq. Span of tail 22 ft. Total area of tail sq. Area of elevators 67 sq. Area of rudder Area of fin Area of each ailerons 65 sq. Total area of ailerons sq. Engine type and h. Rolls-Royce Eagle 8 two h. Weight of machine empty 7, lbs. Tank capacity In hours 9. Tank capacity In gallons gallons. Speed low down 85 m. Disposable load apart from fuel 2, lbs. Total weight of machine loaded 11, lbs. Журнал Flight Flight, July 31, It carries a military load of over 1, lb. This machine is a formidable engine in naval war craft, and it is so designed that it may be quickly and efficiently made under war conditions.

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